Nursing assistants must undergo different state-approved training programs to get certification. CNA training includes a mastery of a set of nursing assistant skills, aside from the required 50 hours of theoretical learning and 100 hours of clinical training with supervision. These skills involve helping patients with their daily activities and as well as providing bedside medical care. Nursing assistants must not only be skilled in performing basic medical procedures required of them but they must also be able to conduct quick observations regarding the patient’s condition and report it back to the nurse. Registered nurses typically have to do rounds and take care of the needs of different patients. Since they don’t spend too much time with one particular patient, unless absolutely necessary, it is the duty of the nursing assistant to keep a close watch on the patient they are assigned to
Since nursing assistants are the ones who stay with patients for most of the time, they are required to have proper expertise in emergency procedures. CNA training includes CPR and resuscitation in the event of cardiac arrest. Nursing assistants must be knowledgeable about the basic rights of patients, especially since they are sometimes hired to stay with a patient even after he has been taken home from the hospital. The right to privacy, right to be informed about medical procedures and the right to accept or refuse a procedure are just some of the basic rights of patients.
Ambulation, a set of techniques used to help patients in walking, is included in CNA training as well. Nursing assistants are required to know how to apply antiembolic stockings. Antiembolic stocking is a device used in the observation of patients suffering from circulation problems. Pressure is applied to the legs to prevent blood clotting.
Aside from the aforementioned basic medical procedures, a nursing assistant is also responsible for duties like oral care, dressing, feeding, hair care, nail care, bathing, positioning, and bed making. It is the duty of the nursing assistant to ensure that the patient practices proper hygiene. Feeding is an important aspect that needs to be given a lot of attention. An important part of CNA training involves helping patients with range-of-motion exercises to help them exercise their joints and ensure proper circulation. Nursing assistants are required to take and record vital signs at least once a day. This will allow the doctors and nurses to keep track of the patient’s vital signs for reference and to ensure that the patient is stable.
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